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Old City Gate Hanoi (O Quan Chuong)

Old City Gate Hanoi (O Quan Chuong), also known as Ô Quan Chưởng, O Dong Ha, O Thanh Ha, or O Cua Dong, is a proud testament to Hanoi’s ancient past. 

Built in the 10th year of Canh Hung (1749) and rebuilt in the 3rd year of Gia Long (1817), this old east gate has remained steadfast, preserving the same architectural style for centuries.

It is one of the 21 gates from the old Thang Long citadel.

A Gateway Through Time

Located on O Quan Chuong Street, at the beginning of Hang Chieu Street, O Quan Chuong was strategically positioned near the foot of Chuong Duong Bridge. 

In ancient times, it marked the road from the city to the river bank, serving as a crucial passageway in Dong Ha ward, Hau Tuc district (later changed to Dong Xuan), former Tho Xuong district. 

The road from the gate to the bank of the Red River spans eighty meters, once considered suburban land.

Architectural Marvel

O Quan Chuong is not just a gate; it is a meticulously designed structure that showcases the architectural prowess of its time. 

The gate features a pavilion that oversees and safeguards the shopping district within. 

Today, the gate still boasts its original three-door entrance, flanking the main door by two side doors. 

A gazebo sits atop the main door, while a stone stele placed by Governor Hoang Dieu in 1881, recording a ban on harassment by guards, adorns the wall to the left of the main entrance. 

Above the main door, three Chinese characters, 東河門 (Dong Ha Mon) proudly declare their names.

The French Connection

Legend has it that O Quan Chuong’s name originated from an event during the French colonial era. In the 26th year of Tu Duc, the French attacked Hanoi on November 20, 1873.

According to “People and Scenes of Hanoi” by Mr. Hoang Dao Thuy, a chancellor, and a hundred soldiers defended the city from the Quan Chuong gate during the attack.

While the French referred to it as Porte Jean-Dupuis, after a base established by Dupuis in the area, the events of 1873 remain unverified.

Preserving History

Despite the passage of time, O Quan Chuong stands as a living testament to Hanoi’s rich history. 

Its preservation serves as a reminder of the city’s resilience and enduring spirit. 

As you walk through its gates, you’re not just stepping into the past; you’re immersing yourself in the vibrant history of a city that has stood the test of time.

How to Visit O Quan Chuong

O Quan Chuong is easily accessible from various parts of Hanoi. 

You can reach it by taxi, motorbike, or even on foot, as it’s located near the city’s heart. 

The gate is open to visitors, allowing you to explore its history and architecture up close.

Discover More of Hanoi’s Heritage

Hanoi is a city steeped in history and culture, each corner telling a unique story. 

Explore Hanoi’s heritage by visiting its ancient temples, bustling markets, and serene lakes. 

Immerse yourself in the rich tapestry of Hanoi’s past and present and discover the charm that makes this city a must-visit destination.

Experience Hanoi’s History Today

Plan your visit to O Quan Chuong and explore the wonders of Hanoi’s rich history. 

Witness the beauty of this ancient gate and delve into the stories it holds within its walls. 

Experience the magic of Hanoi’s history and create memories that will last a lifetime.

Old City Gate Hanoi (O Quan Chuong)
Gate NameÔ Quan Chưởng
Other NamesO Dong Ha, O Thanh Ha, O Cua Dong
LocationO Quan Chuong street, near Chuong Duong bridge
ConstructionInitially built in 1749, rebuilt in 1817
Historical SignificanceOne of the 21 remaining gates of the old Thang Long Citadel
ArchitectureFeatures original three-door entrance, main door flanked by two side doors, with a pavilion on the roof of the main door
LegendsLegend has it that the gate’s name originates from an event during the French colonial era in 1873


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